Paleolithic Amud Cave in Israel
HOME / Table of Contents = Civilizations - Cultures - Areas - Regions - Prehistory
Other Archaeological Sites / The Neolithic of the Levant (500 Page Book Online)
McDonald Ancient Near East Book Auction Ad Infinitum

Amud Cave in Israel

Archaeological site in Israel known for its human remains which provide important evidence of the diversification and development of Middle Eastern Neanderthals. The site is centred on Amud Cave overlooking the Amud River (Wadi Amud) just northwest of the Sea of Galilee .....


The material from Amud Cave in Israel consists of the fragmentary remains of a male along with 15 other specimens two-thirds of which are children or infants. This material has been dated by thermoluminescence to approximately 45 - 47 thousand years old. Amud 1 is the most complete specimen, consisting of just about the entire cranium, with most of the postcrania present. This individual was a male, died in his mid 20s, was approximately 174 cm tall and has the largest cranial capacity of any Levant hominid at 1740 cc. While these remains are clearly Neanderthal these specimens show more affinity to the Shanidar Neanderthals rather than the Classic European Neanderthals. For example, when compared to the European Neanderthals and the Skhul Homo sapiens the Amud material actually shows greater affinity to the sapiens of Skhul than to the European Neanderthals .....

EXCERPT: Homo Neanderthalensis (C. David Kreger)

Other Online Links

1. Skull of Neanderthal Amud I (Kharlena Marķa Ramanan)

2. Research Proposal for the Study of Neanderthal
and Early Modern Behavior in the Levant
(Roger Grace)

Journal Articles

A Neandertal Infant from Amud Cave in Israel
Journal of Human Evolution Volume 26 (Pages 313-324)

The Amud Man and His Cave Site
H. Suzuki and F. Takai (1970)
University of Yokyo Press

In Association with
The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium