Other Archaeological Sites / The Neolithic of the Levant (500 Page Book Online)
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Ancient Roman Baalbek (Greek Heliopolis)
A settlement in Lebanon which achieved importance in late Hellenistic and Roman times especially as a holy city for the predatory Ituraean tetrarchs and as a religious centre of the Bekaa River Valley region. Often known by its Greek name of Heliopolis (City of the Sun) it shows magnificent ruins of the Roman imperial period particularly the Temples of Jupiter and Bacchus ..... (AHSFC)
Baalbek is 86 kilometers from Beirut and 1050 meters high in altitude. Baalbek is nested in a plain between the parallel ranges of Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon mountains. It is one of the world's greatest historical sites and the most gigantic complex of Roman temples ever built. Its columns are the tallest ever erected and its stones the largest ever used. The Acropolis of Baalbek is the largest and best preserved corpus of Roman architecture left to us. Its temples, dedicated to Jupiter Venus and Bacchus were built in the second and third centuries AD. Baal-Bek or town of Baal (who was a Phoenician god) gave the name to the town that still is in use .....
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