Bet Guvrin (Tel Morasha) [Eleutheropolis] in Israel
HOME / Table of Contents = Civilizations - Cultures - Areas - Regions - Prehistory
Other Archaeological Sites / The Neolithic of the Levant (500 Page Book Online)
McDonald Ancient Near East Book Auction Ad Infinitum

Ancient Maresha (Tell Sandahannah) and
Bet Guvrin [Roman Eleutheropolis]

Bar-Ilan University

Yet will I bring an heir unto thee O inhabitant
of Mareshah: he shall come unto Adullam the
glory of Israel .....
(Micah 1:15:)

Map Centered on Bet Guvrin
Map Centered on Bet Guvrin

Tell Sandahannah is located circa 1.5 kilometers south of Bet Guvrin and has been identified as the site of ancient Maresha on the bases of Biblical References and the writings of Josephus and Eusebius.

Excerpt: Antiquities of the Jews
Jewish Historian Flavius Josephus

This identification has since been confirmed by modern excavations. Ancient Maresha occupied the high mound, a lower city with ancillary cave complexes and a necropolis which encompassed the entire site of Tell Sandahannah.

The earliest written record of Maresha was as a city in ancient Judah. After the destruction of the First Temple the city of Maresha became part of the Edomite Kingdom. In the late Persian Period a Sidonian community settled in Maresha and the city is mentioned in the Zenon Papyri (259 BC). During the Hasmonean wars Maresha was a base for attacks against Judea and eventually suffered retaliation from the Maccabees. After John Hyrcanus I captured and destroyed Maresha in 113 BC the region of Idumea (Edom) remained under Hasmonean control. In 40 BC the Parthians devastated completely the strong city after which it was never rebuilt .....

MARESHA: An Overview (Professor Amos Kloner)

Professor Amos Kloner

Other Online Links

Bet Guvrin by Jacqueline Schaalje

Beth Guvrin (The Institute of Archaeology)

In Association with
The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium