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Ancient Hama (Hamath) [Epiphania]
A tell (mound) site on the River Orontes in Syria which has produced evidence of occupation from the Early Neolithic to circa 700 BC. Danish excavations in the 1930s revealed a fine palace of the Aramaean Period. The city has a long history having been settled as far back as the Bronze Age and Iron Age. In the 2nd millennium B.C. it was a center of the Hittites. As Hamath it is often mentioned in the Bible where it is said to be the northern boundary of the Israelite tribes. The Assyrians under Shalmaneser III captured the city in the mid 9th century B.C. Later included in the Persian Empire it was conquered by Alexander the Great and after his death (323 B.C.) was claimed by the Seleucid kings who renamed it Epiphania after Antiochus IV (Antiochus Epiphanes). The city later came under the control of Rome and of the Byzantine Empire ......
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The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium