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Ancient Jaffa (Tel Yafo) [Tel Aviv] (Joppa)
Ezra 3:7 They gave money also unto the masons and
According to Jewish tradition Jaffa was first established after the Flood by Japheth (son of Noah) from whom the town took its name. First inhabited in the 18th century BC by the Canaanites it was also a Philistine town later. It is first mentioned in Egyptian sources as one of the cities conquered by Pharaoh Thutmose III in the 15th century B.C. and appears in the list of his conquests in the Temple of Karnak. During the 15th - 13th centuries B.C. it was a fortified town under the hegemony of Egypt. In the Amarna Letters Jaffa is mentioned as an Egyptian fortress. Later King Solomon used the port to bring cedars from Lebanon which were used for the great Temple in Jerusalem. Though King Herod under Roman rule later built Caesarea Maritima to replace Jaffa as his main port it became important again under Moslem and Crusader rule. The town then declined until the 19th century when it began to grow in size and influence .....
The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium