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Situated on an ancient branch of the Euphrates River 80 kilometers south of Baghdad in Iraq, Kish was one of the city-states of the Sumer civilization. Occupation began in the Jemdet Nasr phase and the city was of major importance in the early 3rd millennium BC. It declined in importance later but remained in occupation until the Sassanian period. One of the most important monuments excavated is an Early Dynastic palace, one of the earliest indications any where in Sumer of the growing power of kings whlch was to challenge and eventually over take that of the Temple [religious] organizations during the course of the Early Dynastic period. Important remains still standing at Kish include two temples, one probably dedicated to Inanna the Sumerian goddess of love of the 6th century BC ..... (AHSFC)
Kish is the collective name for at least 40 tells (mounds) arranged in an oval measuring 1.5 by 5 miles. The important mounds are called Uhaimir and Ingharra. Occupations span the period from circa 3000 BC to AD 650. The major excavation was the Oxford-Field Museum Expedition of 1923-1933. There is an important standing temple at Kish of the Neo-Babylonian Period perhaps built by Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562 BC) ..... (Mesa CC)
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Abstract: Dating the A Cemetery at Kish: A Reconsideration
The site of ancient Kish consists of a series of mounds about eight miles east of Babylon in the flood plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. On several of the eastern mounds extensive remains of the Sumerian Early Dynastic period in the early 3rd millenium BC were excavated in the 1920s. Among these remains was a cemetery in which were found many examples of a distinctive kind of pottery, the so-called goddess-handled jars which have come to be associated with the last phase of the period and thus to serve as a criterion for dating sites where these occur .....
1. The Kish Evidence and the Emergence