EpiPalaeolithic (European Mesolithic) Natufian Culture of Israel
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EpiPalaeolithic (European Mesolithic) Natufian Culture of Israel

Other Natufian Culture Sites Include:

Nahal Oren / Ein Gev / Ain Mallaha / Hayonim / Beidha
Proto-Neolithic Jericho / Mureybat / Abu Hureyra

Selected Excerpts on Natufian Culture:

Pre-History and Archaeology Glossary

1. Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times
Donald B. Redford - Prince University 1992
Library of Congress # DT 82.5 P19 R43

2. The Neolithic of the Levant - Page 34
A. M. T. Moore - Oxford University

3. The Neolithic of the Near East
James Mellaart (1975)
GN 776.33 N4 M44

In 1928 the Brittish School in Jerusalem undertook the excavation of the Cave of Shukba, discovered by Pere Alexis Mallon. The cave lies among the Judaean hills. It opens in the northern side of the Wadi en Natuf .....

(Read the Original Article on this Important Culture)

A New Mesolithic Industry: The Natufian of Palestine
Journal of the Royal Anthropological
Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
Dorothy Garrod (1932)[JSTOR]

The Natufian culture occupies a special place in the evolution of human societies in the Near East, namely, that of the threshold to the emergence of farming communities. The idea that the Natufians were the earliest farmers is as old as the original discovery of the cultural remains by Garrod. What seemed at the time an intuitive suggestion is now considered the right interpretation. The shift from hunting and gathering with some horticulture to a true farming economy seems a logical continuum ......

The Natufian Culture and the Origin
of the Neolithic in the Levant

Department of Anthropology
Harvard University (Cambridge MA)
Current Anthropology - Volume 31
No. 4 - Pages 433-436
O. Bar-Yosef and F. Valla

After Jericho, Shuqba Village is believed to be one of, if not the oldest village in Palestine. The many ruins around Shuqba are proof of these very ancient beginnings. Shuqba was first inhabited during the the Natufian era. The Natufian Culture is defined by an assemblage which includes microlithic components of complex tools. Natufians may have moved within a territory to exploit their resources most effectively but they certainly maintained base villages ......

The Natufian in the Levant - Anna Belfer-Cohen 1991
Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University (Jerusalem)
Annual Review of Anthropology, Volume 20 (Pages 167-186)

Other Online Links

The Natufian Culture in the Levant:
Threshold to the Origins of Agriculture
Ofer Bar-Yosef Evolutionary Anthropology
Volume 6 : Pages 159 - 177 (1998)

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