Ancient Oxyrhynchus (Modern Behnasa) in Egypt
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Oxyrhynchus (Behnasa)

Known in the Dynastic period as Per-medjed, Oxyrhynchus rose to prominence under Egypt’s Hellenistic and Roman rulers. It was a prosperous regional capital, reckoned the third city of Egypt, and home town of the sophist Athenaeus. In later antiquity it was famous for its many churches and monasteries. Today the village of Bahnasa occupies part of the ancient site.

The town lies roughly 300 km south of the coastal metropolis of Alexandria or 160 km southwest of Cairo (ancient Memphis). It is situated on the Bahr Yusuf, the branch of the Nile that terminates in Lake Moeris and the Fayum oasis.

First Column of Papyrus LV 3804

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