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Ancient Sardis (Sart)
Sardis which was known as the capital of the Kingdom of Lydia was founded in the 8th century BC and was ruled by the Kings Gyges, Ardys, Sadyattes, Alyattes and Kroisos. The city was conquered by the Persian King Kyros in 546 BC and from then continued to function as a Persian garrison. Alexander the Great conquered the city in 334 BC and at that time the city become Hellenized. The city was then ruled by Syria, Pergamon and by the Romans in turn .....
The site of the ancient Lydian capital of Sardis is located near the present day village of Sart in the province of Manisa. The ruins are located on either side of the Ankara Izmir highway 72 kilometers from Izmir. Excavations conducted by Americans at Sardis in 1910-14 unearthed the Temple of Artemis and more than a thousand Lydian tombs. The works that they brought to light are now in the New York Metropolitan Museum .....
Sardis lies in the territory of Lydia at the foot of the Tmolus Mountains and overlooking the Hermus River plain where evidence has been found of human activity as early as the Middle Palaeolithic period (circa 50000 BC). By the late second millennium BC a modest community existed at the foot of the acropolis. According to the ancient Greek historian Herodotus the sons of Herakles founded a dynasty that remained in power for 505 years son succeeding father from generation to generation till the time of Candaules (from circa 1185 to circa 680 BC). By the early 7th century BC Sardis was the capital of a growing empire with a distinct archaeological record ......
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