Other Archaeological Sites / The Neolithic of the Levant (500 Page Book Online)
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Ancient Sharuhen (Tell Ajjul) [Tell Farah South]
Sharuhen was an important fortress of the Hyksos during the Second Intermediate Period (16th Dynasty). After the Hyksos were driven out of Egypt by Ahmose I their leaders retreated to Sharuhen and withstood a 3 year long seige according to the Egyptian account .....
Tell Ajjul was originally explored by Flinders Petrie from 1930 to 1934. Only a minor part of the tell has been excavated. Petrie claimed that Tell Ajjul is ancient Gaza - a view which was contradicted by Kempinski in 1974 who suggested that ancient Gaza lies within the boundaries of modern Gaza and that Tell Ajjul is Sharuhen - a site mentioned in Egyptian and biblical texts. The identity of the site is still under discussion but it is indisputable that Tell Ajjul is a good candidate for the Hyksos city of Sharuhen.
Tell Ajjul lies approximately 10 kilometres southwest of the centre of modern Gaza in the Gaza Strip of Palestine and 1.8 kilometres from the Mediterranean coast. It lies in a crucial position between Egypt and Lebanon/Syria with a convenient ancient harbour which permitted small vessels to reach the city. To the west is the Wadi Ghazzeh and to the south the main road which has connected through the millennia Egypt with the Levant .....