Ancient Thebes (Modern Luxor) in Egypt
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Ancient Thebes (Modern Luxor)

A ship bears the mummy of the deceased down the Nile; a wall painting from the tomb of Mayor Sennefer of Thebes -- New Kingdom -- 18th Dynasty -- Reign of Amenhotep II (Circa 1426-1400 BC) -- Photograph: Ancient Egypt -- General Editor David Silverman -- Oxford University Press -- ISBN: 0195212703

Thebes lay on either side of the Nile River. It is one of the famed cities of antiquity and the capital of the ancient Egyptian Empire at its heyday. The remains of ancient Thebes constitute one of the largest and most remarkable archaeological sites in the world. The discoveries made at this site - now the modern city of Luxor - are responsible for much of our knowledge of Egyptian civilization .....

Modern day Luxor is one of the foremost places for tourists from all over the world and has great attractions like the Valley of the Kings -- Valley of the Queens -- Temple of Hatshepsut and the temple structure at Karnak (north of Luxor). The name of the city comes from Arabic for the palaces .....

Excerpt: Thebes already existed in the third millenniun BC (Pyramid Age) but only achieved political prominence when her princes reunited Egypt circa 2040 BC (Eleventh Dynasty) and ushered in the prosperous Middle Kingdom era of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Dynasties. Hyksos rule brought eclipse -- but a new line of Thebans eventually ejected the Asian alien rule -- again reuniting Egypt and ushering in the brilliant age of the New Kingdom (Eighteenth-Twentieth Dynasties circa 1550-1070 BC). At this time the administrative capital of Egypt was moved back to Memphis as being more practical -- but Thebes remained the southern capital and sacred city of the God Amun -- a status it held for a further one thousand years .....

The New International Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology
Blaiklock -- Harrison -- Douglass (1983)
Library of Congress # BS 622 N48

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Other Online Links

The Theban Mapping Project -- Now Based at the American University in Cairo

EGYPT -- Luxor -- Temple of Amun at Karnak -- The Oriental Institute of Chicago

View of Luxor Looking West Across the Nile River -- Photograph by John Ross -- Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York

View of Nile Across Fields to Desert -- Luxor -- University of Memphis

Fowling Scene in the Tomb of Amenemheb at Thebes

The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium